How to Structure
It may be because they have had very little schooling in nutrition, but in saying that, the type 2 diabetes diet they recommend has the exact same format recommended by most dieticians and nutritionists! The only reason why they would promote this approach to nutrition is because they have been convinced by the powerful groups (that provide most of their funding at universities) that they should be recommending these products to everyone. This is explained in more detail in the article titled, USDA Food Pyramid History.
A low carb diet is essential for people who are insulin resistant simply because they don't cause a significant insulin response in the body. A high blood sugar level is probably the strongest indicator of insulin production and foods that are high in carbohydrates tend to cause a rapid rise in blood sugar levels. Therefore, it simply makes sense to reduce your intake of carbohydrates if you want to keep your blood sugar level stable, insulin low and reduce the insulin resistant condition in your body.
The best sources of high fibre foods are the low-density carbohydrates. These include vegetables like, broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, green beans, etc. Some fruits like, apples, strawberries and peaches, and nuts and seeds are also high in fibre and are definitely worthwhile including in a diabetic diet plan. Psyllium husks, inulin, guar gum and other types of fibre are also worthwhile adding to some of your meals.
By including some of these foods in each of your daily meals as well as adding some fibre to some of the meals, you will be able to help keep your blood sugar level stable and therefore, insulin low. By keeping insulin low as much as possible, you can help your body reverse the insulin resistant condition.
Small meals means there is less insulin response because less food is being consumed. Larger meals induce a significant insulin response in the body and therefore, make you more insulin resistant.
One of the weight-loss recommendations featured throughout this site is to have 5 or 6 small meals day. However, as explained in the comments section of the article, eating frequently may not be the best option for people with a slow metabolism or when it comes to recommending a type 2 diabetes diet because it may induce more frequent insulin secretions.
In saying that, frequent meals may result in more insulin production than less frequent meals, but by eating more frequently, and by eating the correct foods, it will be easier for you to keep your portion sizes small. However, having 5 or 6 small meals a day may be something you build up to over time as your metabolism speeds up. Therefore, start by simply reducing your meal size slightly and have one more meal a day than what you currently do. Then, slowly increase your meal frequency over time as your metabolism speeds up and your appetite increases.
In addition to eating these foods every day, it may also be worthwhile supplementing your diet with some fish oil capules (or liquid) as well.
'Good oils' (mainly essential oils, which are the omega-3s and omega-6s) are such an important part of a type 2 diabetes diet because fats/ oils make up part of cell membranes. Since cell membranes control the transport of nutrients in to and out of the cell (and therefore, how insulin resistant the cell is), higher quality fats means higher quality cell membranes and a reduced likelihood of them being insulin resistant.
When a diabetic diet plan is used in conjunction with a suitable exercise program that includes both resistance exercise and aerobic exercise along with a supplementation plan that contains glucose disposal agents, fish oils, antioxidants and a good quality multivitamin/ mineral supplement, then a person who is a type 2 diabetic or is insulin resistant to some extent, will be able to reverse the condition in a relatively short period of time.
For a detailed diabetic diet plan as well as various other strategies to help you overcome the condition, please read: Your Complete Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Plan.
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